عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Arising of loss entitles the third party to the compensation. In this respect, more often than not, the entitlement of the third party finds its justification based on voluntary principles and sometimes based on involuntary ones. If the third party cannot find defense based on voluntary principles, he or she has to resort to involuntary ones. The possibility of multiple compensation methods could also be observed in confluence or when opting for responsibilities. The focal point of this paper shall be on the voluntary principles only and it will be analyzed if it is likely for a person who is not a direct party to a contract to resort to voluntary principles when taking a compensation act to the court.