عنوان مقاله [English]
Currently, a number of international courts and tribunals including International Court of Justice, International Criminal Court, International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, international arbitral tribunals such as Permanent Court of Arbitration, and national and regional courts, are dealing with environmental disputes. However, in a fair and accurate judgment, giving the various limitations these fora are facing such as the lack of required professional knowledge and the length of proceedings, they are unable to enforce the norms effectively. Nor can they resolve international environmental disputes in a prompt and well-organized manner. On the other hand, the right to a safe and clean environment is of fundamental human rights, possessing a high degree of value in human life and civilization. The international community is in need of establishing an independent judicial body to play a major role in the process of codification of the norms and settlement of environmental disputes through interpretation of environmental laws.