عنوان مقاله [English]
special standing of attorneys and judges have made all legal systems of the world pay particular attention to the exigency of the provision of an appropriate bed for suitable execution of their duties as well as the recognition of their privileges and immunity. some theories like "Good Service", "The Validity of Judges and Attorneys' Personality" and "Exigency and Necessity of Duties" have been stipulated. Judge's independence guarantee, attorney's freedom in defending, special social situation and the lack of criminal intend (MENS REA) are some theoretical bases of the immunity of judges and attorneys. The opponents of judges and attorneys' immunity believe that such a privilege is in contradiction with the principal of persons equality against the Law, the persons right of justice demanding and also in contradiction with Islamic rules.From our viewpoint, their reasons do not fade the nececity of such immunity. The fundamentals supporting the necessary of such a judicial immunity may differ in various legal systems.This article deals with the revision of judicial immunity of judges and attorneys in Iranin legal system .