عنوان مقاله [English]
The main question in this article is: what is the philosophical kind of statements which refer to human rights? From an abstract point of view, the rights and the obligations, for example in the universal declaration of human rights, are founded upon which foundations? Our hypothesis is that to rely human rights on “nature” is a wrong reasoning but considered to be useful in practice. Human rights, in final analysis, can not rely upon anything except some expedient consensus. The conventional theory of rights which is defended hear reduce the universality of human rights to the nature of human being with two aspects: common instinctive needs and rational approbations which will be promoted according to degree of instruction and welfare. This article is written in analytical method.