عنوان مقاله [English]
Adjudication Independence can be studied in two areas namely independency of Judicial Power and Independency of Judge. The first one is based on the Separation of Powers Theory but judge independence means its freedom from parties and their Attorneys and its independence in intern of Judiciary Power. This sense of independence has two objectives: 1) Judge's freedom in applying the law to fact and its interpretation; 2) Judge's freedom in issuing the Judgment. Independence of Bar Association means its separation from the body of Government by having independent legal identity and competence to making decision about new the lawyer requesting to be Attorney and Self-governing of its organization and enacting its necessary rules. If an attorney belongs to the powers of government, the separation theory will be violated and if he belongs to the judicial power, the judge's independence will be neglected. So lawyer's independence is a result of different roles he plays in contemporary societies, accordingly, lawyer's independence of adjudication and independence of advocacy are not coexistent; an independent adjudication, however, needs an independent advocacy.